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What is Krill Oil? Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & Properties

Know more about Krill oil uses and products by reading this article. What are the benefits of krill oil in adults? Does it have side effects? I will also examine the properties of krill oil.

What is Krill Oil

Krill oil denotes a fat excerpt produced from one class of Antarctic krill known as Euphausia superba. The phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFA) and omega-3 fatty acids are the two primary vital components in this oil. The main element of PLFA is marine lecithin, also recognized as phosphatidylcholine.

Research indicates that fish and Antarctic krill which are the primary substitutes of Krill oil products contain toxic residues.

But, notices from the producers of this oil and other derived products that it adhere the standards under the status of Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) is accepted by the United States’ Food and Drug Administration. The certification, however, was accepted without the products being tested by the FDA itself.

Uses of Krill Oil

Although Krill oil is known for multiple health application by humans, here are its main uses:

Controlling Rheumatoid arthritis

Early studies indicate that daily use of 300 mg of a particular product made from krill oil reduces stiffness and pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Managing High Cholesterol

Emerging research shows that your daily use of either a certain products of this oil weighing between 1 and 1.5 grams is very healthy. It helps to increase the “bad” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol in patients encountering health problems caused by high cholesterol. The recognized products include Bioresources, Inc, Neptune Technologies & Neptune Krill Oil.

The levels of another type of blood fat, triglyceride can also be significantly reduced by taking higher doses of between 2 and 3 grams of these oil products daily.

Used in Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

It is proven that the use of specific brands made from krill oil each day for the prolonged period might help you to reduce the symptoms of PMS.

Managing Osteoarthritis

Nutritional experts recommend the use of specific products made from this oil of about 300 mg daily can reduce stiffness and pain in people with osteoarthritis

Other uses of this Oil:

  • Managing depression
  • Controlling High blood pressure
  • Management of Cancer
  • Used in Stroke patients

Benefits of Krill Oil

According to modern study, here is a brief overview of some of the important benefits of krill oil if applied as a food supplement:

1.      Better Digestion

Several study findings have associated Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) with anti-depressive effects as well as mood and enhancement.

Experts in their various reports claim the linkage is contributed by a component in this oil, omega-3 that triggers a rise in the levels of the corticotropin-releasing hormone.

This type of hormone combined with an enhancement in the serotonin and dopamine may combat depression and also have a striking effect on your mood.

2.      Enhanced Cardiovascular Health

The oil’s contained omega-3 has quite some time been related to enhancing cardiovascular health. This improvement includes the increasing the levels of (good) HDL cholesterol, decreasing the levels of triglyceride, and reducing levels of (bad) LDL cholesterol.

Omega-3’s anticoagulant is also known to be beneficial in inhibiting blood clots which are famous for causing heart attacks and strokes.

3.      Bioavailability

Unlike fish oil, Krill oil is composed of omega-3 fatty acids which, as opposed to triglycerides attach to phospholipids making it easier to absorb.

Consequently, you only need a lower dose of this special oil to gain benefits similar to those acquired after taking a higher dose of products made from standard fish oil.

4.      Anti-Inflammatory

A lot of research findings on this product have indicated how it is effective in minimizing and inhibiting inflammation. Professionals claim that the body converts omega-3 into eicosanoids.

These are very powerful hormones known to be responsible for numerous vital purposes in your body comprising the discharge of anti-inflammatory prostaglandins.

5.      Purity

This oil, unlike many fish oils, does not have detectable levels of toxins such as mercury. The main reason being the position it occupies in the marine food chain given that these tiny creatures only feed on phytoplankton that has no mercury. In fact, the product’s omega-3 component is regarded one of the purest on earth.

6.      Taste Tolerance

As opposed to fish oils known to have a somewhat unfortunate aftertaste that often spread somewhat persistently, gel tablets made from this oil are much smaller. They are also supplied in easy to swallow as well as present almost no aftertaste at all.

7.      Decrease PMS Symptom

Krill oil has omega-3 fatty acids known for its anti-inflammatory properties linked with a reduction in the PMS’s unpleasant physical symptoms.

However, no concrete empirical evidence exists to fully support why and how omega-3 cause such effect on the symptoms of PMS. Nonetheless, scientists have theorized such an effect with the balancing and regulating of hormones.

8.      Neurological Development in Newborns

Quite often, family doctors recommend for pregnant mothers to increase their intake of omega-3 to benefit from the growth of the neurological system of their unborn. The eyes, central nervous system, and brain of both newly-delivered and unborn babies heavily depend on omega-3 fatty acids for robust growth.

9.      Sustainability

The amount of tiny Krill weighs at a remarkably 500 million tons out of the largest single biomass found in the world. Not more than one percent of the total Krill is every year taken and used oil research and extraction purposes. As a result, it contributes to the uniquely sustainable and abundant source of omega-3.

Side Effects of Krill Oil

Despite the fact that clinical research on Krill oil is scarce, researchers have identified some potential side effects of using nutritional supplements made from this oil including:

#1. Allergies to Crustaceans

Some people have reported experiencing a food allergy after consuming products with crustaceans, yet Krill forms part of the many types of tiny crustacean. Therefore, you should not ingest this oil if your body is allergic to crustaceans.

People with a crustacean allergy tend to have both extreme and moderate allergic reactions to produce this oil. You may need hospitalization or emergency care if you have this allergic reaction.

And for those who have never had any recognized allergy to crustaceans, experts recommend that they immediately stop the use this food supplement upon experiencing any allergic reaction and look for medical help.

#2. Blood Thinning

Blood thinning is one of the potentially dangerous adverse effect linked with the consumption of Krill oil products. It has both DHA and EPA fatty acids known to cause blood thinning.

A research done by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center established that a special oil product made from Krill could reduce blood coagulation. There is a potential danger associated with decreased blood coagulation in people at risk of developing bleeding complications.

Moreover, if you ingest this food supplement and you get wounded or cut, it may take longer than expected for the wound to clot and the bleeding to stop.

#3. Product Quality

The whole process of manufacturing this oil can determine the general safety and quality of its supplement. It can spoil from oxidation leading to potential safety concerns on its production quality by the consumer.

The Food and Drug Administration give supplement manufacturers the Generally Recognized Safe certificate after meeting certain set standards in production quality. There are only two verified and certified manufacturers of these products including Superba Krill Oil and Neptune Krill Oil.

#4. Medication Interaction

Research findings published in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy in 2004 show that this food supplement has more effect of warfarin. This is a kind of a blood-thinning medication.

Other drugs with some interaction with krill oil include heparin, aspirin, enoxaparin, clopidogrel, dalteparin, diclofenac, naproxen, ibuprofen, and warfarin.

Therefore, before taking any Krill supplement, consult your medical professional if you are on any medication with a potential to cause your blood to thin.

Properties of Krill Oil

For the last decade, Krill oil has increasingly been the primary source of marine phospholipids (PLs), one of the popular food supplements both for humans and animals.

Krill oil is composed of high levels of PLs, usually at 40%. PLs has DHA and EPA in PC form.

The composition of PL species in this oil is very complex. Krill contains varying choline-containing PL molecules of which, about 10% of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in both positions while 58% in one position of the PC molecules.

Here are some of the popular properties of Krill oil:

#1. Physiological Properties

DHA and EPA have the ability to impact on cell membrane protein-mediated responses, permeability, and fluidity. Given that they are ligands for transcription factors or precursors to lipid mediators, these n-3 PUFAs affect tissue and cell response and physiology to external signals. It means that DHA and EPA support your cardiovascular health.

#2. Biological Properties

PCs minus the additional benefit of n-3 PUFAs, support your body’s reproductive, immune, visual, and cognitive system functions. They also help in liver lipid metabolism.

Thus, the underlying mechanisms of PLs that seem vital for your body’s biological effects cholesterol administration are stimulated secretion of lipid from bile and increased sterol excretion.

#3. Physical Properties

Research has also shown that PLs play an integral part in enhancing your sport performance.

#4. Chemical Properties

Consuming n-3 PUFAs in the PL chemical form is associated with various aspects that promote your health. It is attributed to more body efficacy and to tissue accumulations.

The use of PL product in chemical form can improve your insulin sensitivity.

This form of n-3 PUFAs is also related to improvement of your memory function.

References on Krill Oil Uses and Benefits

  1. https://www.natureword.com/properties-and-benefits-of-krill-oil/
  2. https://www.nowfoods.com/now/nowledge/neptune-krill-oils-unique-properties
  3. https://www.livestrong.com/article/435452-negative-effects-of-krill-oil/
  4. https://www.honeycolony.com/article/incredible-benefits-krill-oil/
  5. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1172-krill%20oil.aspx?activeingredientid=1172

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