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Non-communicable Diseases List: Examples, Causes & Prevention of NCDs

Are you looking for communicable and non-communicable diseases list? Well, in this article, I list the common examples of non-communicable (non-contagious) diseases, their causes, prevention and risk factors. You can contact me if you need them as a PDF file.

What is a Non-communicable Disease?

According to Wikipedia, a non-communicable disease (NCD) is actually a medical problem or disease which is simply not a result of infectious agents (such diseases are therefore referred to as non-transmissible or non-infectious diseases). NCDs may describe chronic illnesses that go on for a long time and even advance slowly.

List of non-communicable diseases – with definitions

Below is a summary list of the common non-communicable diseases with causes, prevention and definitions

#1 Diabetes

This disease hinders the body’s capacity to process blood sugar regularly. Type 1 diabetes is existent from the time of birth can cause the pancreas to get damaged by the body’s immune system, leading to sugar to accumulate within our blood.

It should be noted that Diabetes type 2 develops as time passes resulting in the cells to resist the impact of the hormone insulin, triggering the detrimental accumulation of large amounts of glucose in the blood. The potential risk factor for Diabetes type 2 is obesity or being overweight.

#2 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Even though chronic kidney disease (CKD) isn’t currently recognized as one of the WHO’s primary targets concerning global/international NCD control, there does exist persuasive evidence that CKD is common.

It is also harmful, manageable, and a significant contributing factor to the occurrence and even the outcomes of no less than 3 of the diseases highly targeted by the WHO. Chronic Kidney Disease strongly predisposes to high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) [Wikipedia.com].

Significant risks, for instance, being overweight and smoking cigarettes worsen CKD. Additionally, among the people that have all forms of diabetes, elevated blood pressure, or CVD, the part who have got CKD tend to be the greatest risk of undesirable outcomes and also extremely high medical care costs.

Therefore, CKD, CVD, and diabetes are generally closely connected health issues that often exist together; share common risk factors and treatment interventions, and would certainly reap the benefits of a coordinated worldwide approach to reduction and management.

#3 High Blood Pressure (aka Hypertension)

High blood pressure is brought about whenever one consistently shows a blood pressure reading of more than 140/90. Sometimes it is caused by all forms of diabetes, tobacco smoking, excessive salt intake, excessive weight or kidney disease.

#4 Alzheimer’s Disease

It is reported that Alzheimer’s disease causes dementia in those who are in advanced age, or above Sixty years old.

The signs of this illness may vary, but generally include: loss of memory, losing your way, problems in managing day-to-day tasks or even managing cash, personality alterations, the loss of body controls or being delusional.

#5 Osteoporosis

This ailment results in a decrease in bone mass that makes your bones brittle as well as higher risk for injury. About 80 % of people that have got osteoporosis (brittle-bone disease) are women.

Other additional factors that raise the chances of this disease include the existence of illnesses like rheumatoid arthritis, a sedentary lifestyle, low sex hormone levels or even smoking cigarettes.

#6 Heart Disease

Heart Disease is really a very wide group of diseases that affect the circulatory system or heart. They include: rhythm irregularities, congenital heart disease, heart failure, cardiac arrest, volatile angina, cardiogenic shock, aortic regurgitation, endocarditis or mitral valve prolapse.

#7 Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is brought about the moment UV radiation damages your skin layer cells. This cancer can show up anywhere on the human body though is most frequent on the skin.

People with lower pigmentation of the skin like redheads, blondes or individuals with blue eyes are usually at a higher risk for this particular disease.

Reducing direct skin exposure may considerably prevent developing cancer of the skin. With early diagnosis, this disease is 95 % treatable.

#8 Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia brings about harm to soft tissue within the body. It can result in disturbed sleep patterns, extensive pain, physical weakness or even abnormal heartbeat.

Over time the signs and symptoms advance triggering cognitive or memory complications, jaw soreness, nasal congestion, severe headaches or IBS (irritable bowel).

#9 Lung Cancer

Lung cancer brings about malignant cell development in the lung tissues, often as due to being exposed to contaminants or using cigarettes and tobacco products. Up to Ninety percent of cancer of the lung incidents are due to smoking with non-smokers having a minuscule chance of suffering from this condition.

#10 Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)

The earliest studies on cardiovascular health and wellbeing were conducted in the late 1940’s by Jerry Morris working with occupational health data and were written and published in 1958.

The causes, avoidance, and management of almost all types of cardiovascular illnesses continue to be active areas for biomedical research. There are countless research studies currently being written and published weekly.

In recent times, many studies have discovered the link between junk food and an increase in heart disease incidences. These scientific studies comprise of those carried out in the Ryan Mackey Memorial Research Institute, Harvard University as well as the Sydney Center for Cardiovascular Health.

There has been opposition against for such classification assertion that fast foods cause non-communicable diseases. Several major fast-food chains, particularly McDonald’s, have protested the techniques utilized in these types of scientific studies and have reacted with much healthier menus.

#11 Leukemia

The leukemia disease will cause your body to create excessive blood cells some of which are cancerous cells. Because the blood carries all these cancerous cells all over the body system, they’re able to affect other tissues like the nerves inside the body, skin or even liver organ.

Although this condition is usually connected to small children, most patients are in fact adult men above 60 years of age.

#12 Seizures or Epilepsy

Seizures come from a neurological malfunction that triggers abnormal electrical activities inside the brain. These activities may be localized or result in signs and symptoms like numbness that originates from an explosive firing of the nerves within the human brain.

What causes seizures? Well, Growths or maybe brain injury may cause one to develop this condition. There isn’t a cure for epilepsy, though prescription drugs can help decrease the frequency of convulsions.

Causes of non-communicable diseases

The primary causes are characterized by either environmental or genetic factors.

Environmental causes of non-communicable diseases include;

  1. Poor physical health
  2. Tobacco use
  3. Eating unhealthy diet
  4. Excessive use of alcohol
  5. Prevention of non-communicable diseases

Minimizing the major risks for non-communicable diseases – tobacco smoking, lack of exercise, poor diet and also the hazardous consumption of alcoholic drinks – is the emphasis of the Department for the NCDs Prevention in World Health Organization.

5 common examples of non-infectious diseases in India

If asked to list 5 common non-communicable diseases in India quickly, you may include the following:

  1. Cancer
  2. Diabetes
  3. Epilepsy
  4. Osteoporosis
  5. Heart Disease

List of non-communicable diseases and their prevention

The table gives a summary list of the common non-infectious diseases and their prevention measures

Disease

Prevention

Diabetes Embrace a Healthy Diet
Lung Cancer Avoid smoking
Skin Cancer Avoid excessive exposure to sun rays

FAQs on non-infectious diseases

Q: Is cancer a non-communicable disease?

Yes, cancer is really a non-communicable disease that can affect all people [Livestrong.com]. As pointed out by the Center for disease control in the year 2005, the 3 most commonly encountered types of cancer among women or ladies are lung, breast and colorectal cancer.

On the other hand, the 3 most frequent types of cancer amongst men are colorectal, lung and prostate cancers. Cancer of the lung is at the top for cancer-related deaths in both men and women.

References on List of Non-communicable Diseases

  1. https://www.livestrong.com/article/88312-list-noncommunicable-diseases/
  2. http://www.just-health.net/Non-Communicable-Diseases-List.html
  3. http://www.who.int/ncds/prevention/en/
  4. https://www.medhealthdaily.com/list-of-non-communicable-diseases/
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-communicable_disease

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