What is a Bed Bug?
Bed bugs, commonly known as Cimex lectularius, are tiny, flattened, brownish pests which solely consume animal or human blood. They usually bite people and any other warm-blooded animal including rodents, birds, cats, and dogs.
The history of bed bugs dates back to the times of Aristotle as noted in classical Greek writings and medieval European manuscripts.
What is Bed Bug Infestation
Bedbug infestations is a menace facing many people today. The pest infestation problem does not only occur in domestic households but also in dormitories, hotels and other residential places.
An adult bed bug measures approximately 3/16” long. The pest is oval-shaped and reddish-brown in color with a compressed body. The nature of their body and color enhances their propensity to hide in furniture and mattresses. Due to their small size, it becomes hard to control the infestation.
The existence of one female fertile bed bug is enough to cause bed bug infestation. The bugs just require a friendly atmosphere like multiple or a single family dwelling for the pest infestation to happen.
As a blood-fed, healthy female bed bug may yield between 200 and 500 strong and healthy eggs in her generation. In a typical day, she may also lay from 2 to 5 eggs. Thus, the possibility of bed bug infestation is very high except if a good pest management professional is contacted to offer bed bug control programs to eradicate the infestation.
What Causes Bed Bugs to Come
As highlighted in the article “How Do You Get Bed Bugs In The First Place?” the major cause of bed bugs to get attracted to our homes is human and animal habitats is their blood. Bed bugs are neither caused by neither filth nor poverty as many people believe. These pests care less if you are dirty or clean, or wealthy or poor. They only require a good atmosphere where they can hide and reach their hosts for a bite. They are good hitchhikers and can therefore, ride on any household item accidently to reach your home.
Bed bugs like to live where the action is. Given that they travel by hitchhiking, the common places for their infestation are areas with high human population turnover. When people come in and out of these places, they increase the risk of spreading bed bugs.
What Kills Bed Bugs Instantly?
Like I said in the article, “Bed Bug Exterminators near Me: Cost & Reviews,” one can kill bed bugs instantly by vacuuming and use of hot steam. Freezing bed bug habitats may also lead to instant killing of these pests. However, seeking the help of a professional on how to eliminate bed bugs is the best approach. However, there are other ways one can kill bed bugs instantly. They include:
- Dust the infested area with diatomaceous earth.
- Clean or discard all household items with bed bug infestation signs.
- Run the surface of the infested area with a commercial steamer.
Diatomaceous earth: The uss of diatomaceous earth to instantly kill bed bugs works effectively. It’s a power manufactured from tiny aquatic organisms’ fossil remains. The power kills bed bugs fast by dehydrating them
Clean or Discard Infested Objects: Cleaning the bedding of the bed bug infested bed is the first significant step towards eliminating these pests very fast. It encompasses killing as many bed bugs from the bedding and bed before cleaning them in hot water. Use highest dryer setting to dry them. Vacuum the room afterwards
Use a Commercial Steamer: Use can use a commercial steamer to kill bud bugs fast, especially on a carpet flooring. The steamer provides very high temperatures that kill the roaming pests on the fabric floor surface instantly. It also help to kill bed bugs hiding in cracks and crevices.
Bed Bugs Pictures
When inspecting the presence of bed bugs at your residence or business, understand that they go through a lifecycle. The pests start with an egg to nymph or infancy before reaching adulthood.
Lifecycle of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs depend on a blood meal to place eggs and develop. It takes ten days for the eggs to hatch. They become adult bed bugs after two to four months as depicted in the diagram below.
Pictures of Adult Bed Bugs
The pictures below show bed bugs in their adulthood. They measure in lengths about 1/4 inch to 3/8 inches. Their color turns dull dark after feeding on blood. When hatched, the color of the bugs look like a straw or has no color.
Bed bug Flat view
Bed Bug Magnified View
Bed Bug Side View
Bed Bug Pictures on Skin
Bed bugs takes a maximum of 10 minutes to feed on the skin. One bug can bite the skin multiple times. Every bed bug feed on blood after a couple of days before going back to their place of hiding.
They turn out when they feel like feeding again as depicted in the picture below:
Puffed-Up and Non Puffed-Up Pictures
The photo on left shows unfed bed bug on host. One on the right demonstrated puffed-up bed bug with blood.
Pictures of Bed Bugs on Mattress
Usually, bed bug climb up the headboard or bed legs. The reason for that is attraction to humans’ exhal3ed carbon dioxide. Mattresses are their convenient hiding areas since it provides them easy access to the source of blood meal.
Picture of Actual Bed Bug Size on Mattress
Photos of Bed Bug Blood Stains and Fecal Smears
Pictures of Bed Bug Eggs
The picture illustrates Bed Bug eggs on household furniture comprising nymph or just born bedbug and adult bed bugs. Bed bug egg is curved and about 1/25 inch. The laid eggs stick in a cluster. The egg takes between 4 days and 12 days to hatch. The bug feeds for one day after being hatched.
Bed Bugs Rash
(INSERT BITE PICTURES)
The picture depicture a bed bug skin rash taken approximately 30 minutes after the bite. The reaction to the bite may take between one and two days to disappear. The rash last for a maximum 24 hours after.
Although anybody can be bitten by bed bugs, for those allergic to the bites get red irritated skin. The reason why the symptoms of bed bug bite may vary from one person to the other as explained in the article, “How Do You Get Bed Bugs In The First Place?”
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Yourself
Can you eliminate or treat bed bugs by yourself? Sure, but note that getting rid of bed bugs on your own is somehow challenging because they are excellent at hiding and reproducing rapidly.
Moreover, they resist any kind of treatment approach employed in the egg stage. Therefore, one elimination attempt may not be enough to fully eradicate them.
Getting rid of bed bugs can be a complex affair. Several factors may determine to chances of success including:
- The nature of infestation
- Situation-related challenges like
- The level of engagement of all residents,
- The amount of infested neighbors, and
It can take weeks, if not months, to completely control bed bug infestation by yourself. That level of achievement largely depends on the level of cooperation from all the affected people and the extent and nature of the infestation.
However, the most effective way of getting rid of bed bubs by yourself is to contain the spread of the infestation through:
- Responsible discard of furniture if they cannot be saved.
- Seal and treat whatever is detached from the room plastic bag.
- If bed bugs cannot be eradicated from discarded furniture, keep the housewares.
- After every use, empty the vacuum.
Prior to doing that, you need to formulate all the necessary treatment steps on a calendar. Below are steps that may help you do that:
- Ascertain the issue.
- Create a plan.
- Contain the infestation from spreading.
- Get ready for treatment.
- Eliminate the bed bugs.
- Assess and inhibit.
Bed Bugs in Hair
Many people see bed bugs hiding in their hair or crawling around it, and get worried. But, it’s unlikely to experience such an encounter. Unlike ticks or lice which have claws designed to assist traverse human hair, bed bugs don’t.
Bed bugs have to set their front claws in a particular way before they can feed, a function that cannot be done with hair in place. Any moment bed bugs come out to feed, they would prefer doing it on a bare skin.
If you experience the presence of bed bugs around your hair, take a hot shower combined with liberal use of shampoos and soaps to get rid of the pests.
Rinse your towels, linens, and clothes in hot water before drying them in extreme heat temperatures. Contact a bed bug professional immediately for help.
Bed Bugs and Dogs
Can a dog be infested with bed bugs? The answer is no but technically, it can happen. That is the suggestion by Water Penny, a bed bug professional from Colorado Bed Bug K9, LLC. According to the technician, unlike ticks and fleas, bed bugs are more attracted and feed on human blood meal. They seldom get bioengineered to traverse through hair and fur.
Bed Bugs and Cats
Many people wonder if cats can be infested with bed bugs. That cannot happen because the pests fancy sourcing food from humans. That is because they find it easier to bite humans than any other animals.
The most attractive signature to bed bugs is carbon dioxide exhaled by humans. Hair or fur has little to do with their center of attraction. The pests can only feed on birds, dogs, cats, other animals if they cannot access a human host.